"The Center for AI and Digital Policy aims to promote a better society, more fair, more just —

a world where technology promotes broad social inclusion based on fundamental rights, democratic institutions, and the rule of law." 

AIWS Social Contract for the Age of AI - Sign-on
AIWS Social Contract for the Age of AI - Sign-on


The CAIDP Team: AI Policy Issues to Watch in 2021, CAIDP Update 2.01 (Jan. 4, 2021)

2020 AI Policy: Year in Review, CAIDP Update 1.26 (Dec. 28, 2020)

New US Executive Order on Trustworthy AI, CAIDP Update 1.22 (Dec. 7, 2020)

Spain Launches Digital Charter for AI, CAIDP Update 1.21 (Nov. 30, 2020)


Fundamental Rights Agency, Getting the Future Right: AI and Fundamental Rights (Dec. 2020)

G20 Digital Economy Task Force - Examples of National AI Policies (2020)


Ad Hoc Committee on Artificial Intelligence (CAHAI) of the Council of Europe

January 14, 20201

Karen Hao, OpenAI is giving Microsoft exclusive access to its GPT-3 language model, MIT Technology Review (Sept. 23, 2020)

James Gleick, Algorithmic Democracy (review of Jill Lepore's If Then: How the Simulmatics Corporation Invented the Future), NY Review of Books (Oct. 8, 2020)

Carly Kind, The Term "Ethical AI" is Finally Starting to Mean Something, VentureBeat (Aug. 23, 2020)

China's Surveillance State Goes Global, The Atlantic (September 2020).

CAIDP Events

Artificial Intelligence and Democratic Values

Michael Dukakis Institute

December 12, 2020


Human Rights in the Age of AI

Europe as an International Standard Setter for Artificial Intelligence

20 January 2020


Time to Assess National AI PoliciesMarc Rotenberg, Blog@CACM, Nov. 24, 2020

Marc Rotenberg, Il futuro della privacy e la vivacità della democrazia in Privacy 2030: Una nuova visione per l’Europa (The Mainfesto of Giovanni Butarelli) (Sept. 2020) (in English)

Marc Rotenberg, The Tech Giants Come to Congress, and Democracy Wins a Round, Washington Spectator (August 12, 2020)

Marc Rotenberg, Save the .ORG domain and all it symbolizes, The Hill (December 8, 2019)

Marc Rotenberg, The Battle Over Artificial Intelligence, New York Times (April 16, 2019)

Marc Rotenberg, America Needs a Privacy Law, New York Times (December 25, 2018)

Marc Rotenberg, After Latest Facebook Fiasco, Focus Falls on Federal Commission, Techonomy (December 21, 2018)

Marc Rotenberg, Democracy and the Internet, New York Times (October 8, 2018)

Marc Rotenberg, Regulating Privacy, New York Times (May 6, 2018)

Marc Rotenberg, When the Government is Watching You, New York Times (March 28, 2017)

Marc Rotenberg, Bias by Computer, New York Times (August 10, 2016)

Reference Books

 The AI Policy Sourcebook is the first compendium of AI policy, providing essential information for policy makers, researchers, journalists, and the public. Edited by Marc Rotenberg, the AI Policy Sourcebook includes global AI frameworks, such as the OECD AI Principles and the Universal Guidelines for AI. The Sourcebook also includes materials from the European Union and the Council of Europe, national AI initiatives, as well as recommendations from professional societies, including the ACM and the IEEE. 


ORDER The AI Policy Sourcebook 2020 »


The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2020, edited by Marc Rotenberg, includes major US privacy laws, the GDPR, the Council of Europe Privacy Convention, and related materials.


ORDER The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2020 »

Upcoming Publications /Call for Papers

Nazli Choucri, Nguyen Ann Tuan, Marc Rotenberg, “Social Contract for the Artificial Intelligence Age - Safety, Security, & Sustainability for AI World," Proceedings of the Riga Conference (November 2020)


Topical Collection on Governance and AI: Challenges for a sustainable digital ecosystem




This special issue proposes to explore the normative and conceptual foundations of digital governance, digital ethics and digital regulation of Artificial Intelligence in the context of the sustainable development of the digital ecosystem.


Designing AI


As design choices have a normative effect, we invite papers exploring the norms and governance embedded in code and infrastructure. The vision, values and business model of the organizations are encoded in the design of AI tools and shape how personal data are processed and users attention and conduct are altered. The special issue invites contributions that critical explore the challenges related to designing AI.


AI and values


Values evolve depending on the socio-cultural, politico-economic and technological context. We invite contributions related to the impact of the design of AI on the future of human values, rights and liberties, including autonomy, the right to privacy, the rule of law, and democratic institutions.


Legal and Ethical Policy


The special issue seeks to identify and address new legal and ethical challenges related to the sustainable development of the digital ecosystem, with a focus on how to adapt AI-relevant norms of conduct to diverse cultural, social, and political contexts.


Possible topics include:

  • Digital governance, digital ethics and digital regulation
  • Ethical and legal considerations surrounding AI
  • Ethics of privacy and intellectual property
  • Platform economies
  • Algorithmic transparency and accountability
  • The democractic governance of AI
  • Convergence between AI, IoT and Blockchain technologies
  • Sustainable design
  • Internet architecture and Human Rights
  • Data ownership
  • AI auditing and certification
  • Liability and Insurance schema
  • UN Sustainable Development Goals


Deadline for submission: 9th January 2021




Submissions should be original papers and should not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Extended versions of high quality conference papers that are already published at relevant venues may also be considered as long as the additional contribution is substantial (at least 30% of new content).


Authors must follow the formatting and submission instructions of the AI and Ethics journal at https://www.springer.com/journal/43681.


During the first step in the submission system Editorial Manager, please select “Original Research” as article type. In further steps, please confirm that your submission belongs to a special issue and choose from the drop-down menu the appropriate special issue title.


Guest Editors


Eva Thelisson, MIT Connection Science Lab, AI Transparency Institute, Switzerland,

Amandeep Gill, Global Health Centre project on International Digital Health & AI Research Collaborative (I-DAIR), Graduate Institute Geneva, Switzerland

Himanshu Verma, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland

Kshitij Sharma, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway

Marc Rotenberg, Center for AI and Digital Policy, Michale Dukakis Institute, USA

Danielle Belgrave, Healthcare Intelligence Group, Microsoft Research, UK

Ann Cambon-Thomsen, French National Center for scientific research, France


Marc Rotenberg, "Artificial Intelligence and the right to algorithmic transparency " in M. Ienca, et al, The Cambridge Handbook of Life Science, Information Technology and Human Rights (2021)

Recommended Reading

"Forgetful AI: AI and the Right to Erasure under the GDPR."


European Data Protection Law Review, 3/2020 


(Forthcoming October 2020)


Frank Pasquale, New Laws of Robotics: Defending Human Expertise in the Age of AI (2020)

"This book is about the power of algorithms in the age of neoliberalism and the ways those digital decisions reinforce oppressive social relationships and enact new modes of racial profiling . . ."


Safiya Umoja Noble, Algorithms of Oppression : How Search Engines Reinforce Racism (2018)

 "Simulmatics failed but not before its scientists built a very early version of a machine . . . that manipulates opinion, exploits attention, commodifies information, divides voters, fractures communities, alienates individuals, and undermines democracy."


Jill Lepore, If Then: How the Simulmatics Corporation Invented the Future (2020)

"We humans tend to overestimate AI advances and underestimate the complexity of our own intelligence."


Melanie Mitchell, Artificial Intelligence: A Guide for Thinking Humans (2019)

"The human principle stands against the machine principle. . . ."


- Paul Nemitz and Matthias Pfeffer, The Human Principle. Power, Freedom and Democracy in the Age of Artificial Intelligence (2020) (in German)


"AI in medicine isn't just a futuristic premise. The power of AI is already being harnessed to help save lives."


- Eric Topol, Deep Medicine: How Artificial Intelligence Can Make Healthcare Human Again (2019)

How we choose to control AI is “possibly the most important question facing humanity”


- Stuart Russell, Human Compatible: Artificial Intelligence and the Problem of Control (2019)

"The more that people believe in a positive future for technology, the greater the chance there is of having one."


-Garry Kasparov, Deep Thinking: Where Machine Intelligence Ends and Human Creativity Begins (2018)

". . . the question is whether every aspect of human thought is reduceable to a logical formalism . . . whether human thought is entirely computable."


-Joseph Weizenbaum,

Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgment to Calculation (1976)


". . . a world where technology promotes broad social inclusion based on fundamental rights, democratic institutions, and the rule of law."

- The Center for AI and Digital Policy

Marc Rotenberg – Commentary on AI Policy

“The United States must work with other democratic countries to establish red lines for certain A.I. applications and ensure fairness, accountability and transparency as A.I. systems are deployed . . . The rate of technological change is accelerating. Countries that seek to preserve fundamental rights must act before it is too late.”


- The Battle Over Artificial Intelligence (New York Times 2019)

"Algorithmic accountability is a complex topic, but the impact cuts broadly across life in America, from jobs and credit to housing and criminal justice."


- Bias by Computer (New York Times 2016)

“This critical question of automated decision-making lies at the heart of modern data protection law, ensuring fairness and transparency about the decisions impacting individuals.”


- Computers Privacy and Data Protection (Brussels 2017)

"Democratic countries should establish algorithmic transparency to ensure fairness and accountability in the digital world."


- OECD Global Forum (Tokyo 2014)

“I do want to emphasize how very important it is to move forward today on a project to establish algorithmic transparency and a set of framework principles for the deployment of AI that protects the interests of the individual.”


- AI World Society (Cambridge 2018) 

 “As decisions are automated, processes become more opaque, less accountable. . . . At the intersection of law and technology — knowledge of the algorithm is a fundamental right, a human right”


UNESCO Knowledge Café (Paris 2015) 

"The United States needs comprehensive privacy legislation to safeguard the personal data of Americans. We must also establish an agency charged with advocating for the privacy interests of America. Surveillance technology takes hold quickly. There is not much time."


- Surveillance in China: Implications for Americans (New York Times 2019)